Description: JEAN DUFY (1888 – 1964) LA HAYE-DESCARTES
Signed Jean Dufy and dated 34 (lower right)
Watercolor on paper laid down on paper laid down on board
18¾ by 22¾ in. (47.6 by 57.7 cm)
Framed: 29⅝ by 32⅞ in. (75.2 by 83.3 cm)
Executed in 1934.
This work will be included in the forthcoming third volume of the catalogue raisonné being prepared by Jacques Bailly.
Provenance: Sale: Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, October 24, 1974
Jean Dufy (March 12, 1888 – May 12, 1964) was a French painter of Parisian society, country scenes, circuses, horse races, stages, and orchestras. His work was featured in both gallery and museum exhibitions throughout his career.
In 1906 Dufy visited an exhibition put on by the “Cercle de l’Art Moderne” in Le Havre, where he discovered the work of Picasso, Derain, with whom become friends years later, and Matisse, whose painture Fenêtre ouverte à Coilloureaurged him to decide to pursue a career as a painter. In January 1914 his watercolors were presented at the Galerie Berthe Weill.
Returning from the war, Jean Dufy embarked on what would become thirty years of decorating porcelain for Theodore Haviland in Limoges. During those decades the artist developed flower and animal designs for the manufacturer and received the Gold Medal at L’exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs for designing the service “Châteaux de France”.
In 1920 he returned to Paris and settled in the artist quarter Montmartre, next door to Georges Braque. Braque, a friend of his brother Raoul Dufy, encouraged him to experiment with the Cubist style. Another of Raoul’s friends, Othon Friesz, exposed him to the Fauve movement. He also spent time there with Picasso, Apollinaire, and Derain, among others.
Dufy initially exhibited his work in the Salon d’Automne of 1923. He subsequently exhibited at that Salon in 1924, 1927, and 1932. This Salon took place annually at the Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées.
Museum collections featuring works by this artist include:
Albertina Museum, Vienna
Art Institute of Chicago
Harvard University Art Museum
Indianapolis Museum of Art
Indiana University Art Museum
Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou in Paris
Museum of Modern Art, New York
In 1929, Le Cirque is exhibited at the Grand Palais in Paris.
Dufy exhibits in New York for the first time in 1930 at the Balzac Galleries.
In December 1938, the Portland Art Museum organized an exhibition of modern paintings. Dufy was represented by La Chambre des Deputes, which was reproduced on the cover of the exhibition catalogue.
Galerie Jos. Hessel in Paris exhibits 150 pieces by Dufy in 1948.
In 1952, Dufy had a solo show at the James Vigeveno Gallery in Los Angeles.
Van Dieman-Lilienfeld’s (21 East 57th Street, New York, NY) held a show of Dufy’s watercolors and oils in May 1955.
In March 1964, Wally Findlay Galleries, Chicago, held an exhibition of roughly 20 paintings by Dufy.
Wally Findlay Galleries, New York, held an exhibition in January 1975 that included oil paintings by Jean Dufy.
“Family Affairs, Brothers and Sisters in Art”, held in 2005-2006 at the Haus der Kunst in Munich and the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.