Chirico, Giorgio de

Description: GIORGIO DE CHIRICO (Volos 1888 – Rome 1978) Il fanciullo, 1971 Soft varnish engraving, ex. P.d.A. Slab sizes, cm. 43.5 x 32 Signature in the lower right Title in the middle Dry stamp of the ‘Caprini’ printing house, lower right corner Dry stamp ‘G. de Chirico ‘, bottom left BIBLIOGRAPHY Giorgio De Chirico. Catalog of Opera Grafica 1969-1977, Bora Editions, Bologna, p. 28, n. 15

Giorgio de Chirico (10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer born in Greece. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. His imagery reflects his affinity for the philosophy of Nietzsche and for the mythology of his birthplace.

After 1919, he became a critic of modern art, studied traditional painting techniques, and worked in a neoclassical or neo-Baroque style, while frequently revisiting the metaphysical themes of his earlier work.

De Chirico’s best-known works are the paintings of his metaphysical period. In them he developed a repertoire of motifs—empty arcades, towers, elongated shadows, mannequins, and trains among others—that he arranged to create “images of forlornness and emptiness” that paradoxically also convey a feeling of “power and freedom”.